Process & Pipeline Services
We have the people and equipment necessary to tackle any project regardless of size, in a timely manner that is efficient, cost effective, and safe.
Process & Pipeline Applications
Nitrogen Process Purging & Inerting
During facility maintenance turnarounds nitrogen is used during shutdown to purge dangerous gases or liquids from vessels, towers, and tanks, which leaves an inert atmosphere for safer maintenance.
Prior to plant start-up nitrogen is again used to remove oxygen from process systems reducing the potential of fire or explosion.
Once catalyst units are free of hydrocarbons, cold nitrogen at high flows accelerate the cooling of catalyst beds and vessel walls in a controlled manner thus saving valuable time during a facility outage or turnaround.
Nitrogen is also used to support catalyst removal after the catalyst beds have been cooled. A continuous stream of nitrogen keeps oxygen away from pyrophoric catalysts and residual hydrocarbons preventing heat ups and explosions.
The low moisture content (-60° C dew-point) of industrial grade nitrogen combined with heating capabilities make it an ideal medium to remove air and residual moisture from critical chemical process units.
Hot nitrogen is used for fast effective hydrocarbon stripping in fixed bed reactors and molecular sieve units prior to catalyst inspection or change-out.
Hydrostatic Pressure Testing
Hydrostatic testing is the most common method employed for testing pipelines and pressure vessels. The test involves filling the vessel or pipe system with a test fluid (usually water), pressurization of the system to the specified test pressure, followed by monitoring and documenting that there is no pressure loss over a prescribed period.
Water used for hydrostatic testing of pipelines may treated to avoid freezing during winter testing or filtration used to meet environmental standards once the test is completed and the system is drained.
Pneumatic Pressure Testing
Nitrogen or dry air is used instead of a liquid when the piping/vessel cannot support the liquid weight, or the piping/vessel cannot be dried and traces of the test liquid may result in contamination of the system after returning to service. A pneumatic test is inherently more dangerous than a hydrostatic test due to the higher energy content of a compressed gas.
Serious injury and/or property damage may occur due to a failure during a pneumatic test. Careful preplanning and thorough risk assessments are essential in assuring that a pneumatic pressure is completed successfully.
A pipeline that is put into service dirty and wet is more susceptible to becoming corroded, eroded and having isolation valves that will not properly seal. This can lead to costs ranging from 5% to 10% more to operate in the intervening years due to poorer flow characteristics. There are a number of more reasons why this service line should be conducted but techniques will fall into two categories: those that address the prevention of hydrate formation, and those that physically remove all the water from the line.
Methanol and glycol are used to lower the hydrate formation temperature and are typically applied by running a pig train through the line at start-up. The basis of the air drying technique is to run a series of light (2 lb/ft³) polyurethane foam swabs through the line with very dry air (dew point of -68°C). The swabs initially absorb large quantities of water and ensure that water in the pipeline is continually spread out in a thin film, thus facilitating evaporation into the dry air stream.
High Velocity Flushing
High velocity flushing is an effective way of cleaning both vessels and piping. This process can be used for preparing new equipment for service or for cleaning existing equipment during a scheduled shutdown. Copper Tip will create an engineered procedure to execute this service line.
Nitrogen Pipeline Purging & Displacement
Displacement pigs are inserted into pipelines and propelled by nitrogen gas to remove natural gas, crude oil, gasoline, diesel fuel, LPG and other explosive products leaving the pipeline in a clean, dry, and inert state.
Dry nitrogen is also ideal for removing water after hydro-testing to protect moisture sensitive products such as ethylene or chlorine from contamination.
Helium Leak Testing & Detection
To insure that facilities are safe for start-up, systems can be pressured up beforehand with nitrogen mixed with a small tracer gas component. Flanges, valves and seals within the system are exposed to specialized instruments that are sensitive to tracer gas to locate and quantify the leak rate.